Brazil: a land of carnivals
The carnival is endless music, fantastic costumes, the joy of transformation, the release of adrenaline in the blood, getting rid of complexes. For Brazil is the law under which he lives, the whole country, and for Brazilians, is a way of life. The festivities of the carnival captures all of Brazil. The carnival begins in the town of Olinda, where the parade is the oldest dance school “virgins”. This 250 men dressed in women’s dress. Their performance is 10 hours nonstop. And yet the main event of the carnival parade of Samba schools in Rio.
Rio de Janeiro was founded in 1502 by the Portuguese and named the “River of January”. Today Brazilians call their beloved city “cidade maravilhosa”, which means “magic city”. Believe me, they have a reason. During 4 centuries Rio was and remains the capital of beauty and tourism of South America and is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. There is a saying that, creating this city, the Lord outdid himself. And Christ, a huge 38-meter statue of Corcovado, throws up his hands in mute admiration.
In 2007 traditional incendiary carnival in Rio will take place from 17 to 20 February.
Well, if the Lord outdid themselves in the planning, Brazilians themselves holding the belt the entire world, creating the most amazing holiday on earth — the Carnival in Rio de Janeiro. And although the tradition of this brilliant show came here from Europe, it was the Brazilians built a holiday rousing celebration of Sambo in the cult. Every year, in early February, when Russia is in the midst of a cold winter in South America at this time dominates the summer in every city of Brazil for 4 days and 4 nights (Saturday to Tuesday) business life gives way to the celebration.
Oddly enough, but the Brazilian carnival, in which today goes crazy with the whole world, pretty young. The tradition of carnival was brought to Brazil by immigrants from the Portuguese Islands. Crazy war “entrudo” (from the Latin, meaning “sign”) was held on the streets of Brazilian cities, weapons which served as raw eggs and flour, water and dirt, corn, and beans. Later intelligent Europe taught the Brazilians good manners, having Halloween costumes, beautiful music and clear rhythms of the drums. However, a truly national character of the local carnivals gave Samba dancers in 1916, when he wrote his first Samba. The first semi-legal school of Samba originated in the poor neighborhoods of Rio de Janeiro. Very long power with great suspicion looked at the dubious entertainment of the poor, the majority of which was black. But ten years later the government is still allowed to hold an annual procession.
At first, Brazilian carnivals were really spontaneous, but very soon it became clear that the carnival can earn good money. Samba was standardized for Europe as a natural event into a well-directed performance in which everything is subordinated to one goal — maximising income. What, actually, does not prevent the Brazilians from all my heart be given to this exciting venture and to receive from him amazing pleasure.
Traditionally, the carnival in Brazil begins with the “official part” — the symbolic transfer of the keys of the city mayor “king of carnival”. This moment on the carnival can “divide and conquer” in Rio four days, making and repealing any laws. Millions of people in Brazil, forgetting about all problems and domestic difficulties, given the fun and dancing. But their most cherished dream — to see the spectacular show of amazing Rio.
Brazilian carnival is not only a fun holiday, it is also serious competition of Samba schools. A year several thousand people belonging to the same school, carefully preparing for the holiday, to get into the top six schools and to show their art in the final part of the holiday and to prove that they are the best.
Each school participating in the carnival, is preparing his show. The theme of the program should reflect any event from the life of Brazil. The school comes up with his song, sew the costumes, sets and choreography builds allegorical platform. To work on the show are invited to attend the best composers, choreographers, tailors. Suits must not only dazzle with their beauty, but also to meet the age and place of action of the selected plot. The music for the performance at first glance it seems simple and uncomplicated, but actually along with dance, she remains one of the major components that determines the winner of the carnival. Judges will evaluate everything from the synchronicity of the dancers, to the costumes, which should Express the chosen theme of the play. Nude another law of the carnival in Rio de Janeiro. However, full nudity is forbidden, so viewers enjoy endless options of luxurious and often spicy costumes.
But the carnival is not only a masquerade and Sambo. It is also a celebration of the stomach and binge eating, the day when Brazilians say goodbye to meat, eating huge amounts of churasco (or lamb skewers on the grill). In addition to meat these days eaten an incredible number of Brazilian dishes. For example, the soup of feijoada — a dish of black beans, dried meat, smoked sausage, pork tongue, ears and tail, with garlic, pepper and Bay leaf. Or danda — a sort of a jumble of large number of different ingredients, dressed with oil, danda. All this washed down with vodka, rum, non-alcoholic guarana or beer. Last, they say, is especially delicious!
Enchanting luxury carnival, mysterious infinity of the Amazon jungle, an unimaginable abundance of tropical flowers, fruits and plants, amazing variety of wildlife, Golden beaches of Copacabana and Bahia already, the subtle aroma of coffee, the roar of the mighty falls are like a magnet attracts to Brazil millions of tourists from the Old and New world. And yet — famous Brazilian tango, His Majesty football, original architecture, fascinating-threatening capoeira, madhavacarya mulattos… In General, this country can cause nostalgia even for those who have never been.